by MatsMoll

GitHub Readme.md

Heroku buildpack: swift

This is a Heroku buildpack for Swift apps that are powered by the Swift Package Manager.


Example usage:

$ ls
Procfile Package.swift Sources

$ heroku create --buildpack vapor/vapor

$ git push heroku master
remote: -----> Swift app detected
remote: -----> Using Swift 5.3 (default)
remote: -----> Using built-in clang (Swift 5.3)
remote: -----> Installing swiftenv
remote: -----> Installing Swift 5.3

You can also add it to upcoming builds of an existing application:

$ heroku buildpacks:set vapor/vapor

The buildpack will detect your app as Swift if it has a Package.swift file in the root.


Using the Procfile, you can set the process to run for your web server. Any binaries built from your Swift source using swift package manager will be placed in your $PATH.

Example Procfile for Vapor 3 and 4 apps:

web: Run serve --env production --hostname --port $PORT

Example Procfile for Vapor 2 apps:

web: Run --env=production --port=$PORT

Specify a Swift version

The buildpack defaults to Swift 5.3 which will be swiftly updated when new Swift versions are released.

If you need to use a specific version of the Swift toolchain, including older versions – for example Swift 4.2.x to retain compatibility with Swift 3 projects, you can pin that version number using a file called .swift-version in the root of the project folder, or by setting a SWIFT_VERSION configuration variable on Heroku, then deploying again.

$ echo '5.1.5' > .swift-version
$ git add .swift-version
$ git commit -m "Pin Swift version to 5.1.5"
$ git push heroku master


$ heroku config:set SWIFT_VERSION=5.1.5
$ git commit -m "Pin Swift version to 5.1.5" --allow-empty
$ git push heroku master

The version format used file is compatible with swiftenv.

Active build configuration

By default, the buildpack will use the release build configuration to enable compiler optimizations. If you are experiencing mysterious crashes, you can try disabling them by setting the SWIFT_BUILD_CONFIGURATION config variable to debug, then redeploying.

$ heroku config:set SWIFT_BUILD_CONFIGURATION=debug
$ git commit -m "Change to debug configuration on Heroku" --allow-empty
$ git push heroku master
remote: -----> Building package (debug configuration)

Other build arguments

If you want to pass extra flags to the swift build command, you can do so by setting the SWIFT_BUILD_FLAGS config variable. The most common use of this feature is to enable test discovery.

Test discovery

At the time of writing, while the buildpack does not run tests, having a test manifest or enabling test discovery is mandatory if your project has a test target.

Without either of those, your deployment will fail with an obscure error, such as:

remote: error: missing LinuxMain.swift file in the Tests directory
remote:  !     Push rejected, failed to compile Swift app.
remote:  !     Push failed

This is painfully common with the Vapor 4 template projects.

The easy and low-maintenance solution is passing the --enable-test-discovery build flag via Heroku configuration and attempting to deploy again.

The following example demonstrates this:

$ heroku config:set SWIFT_BUILD_FLAGS="--enable-test-discovery"
$ git commit -m "Enable test discovery on Heroku" --allow-empty
$ git push heroku master

Note that the empty commit is only required if uncommitted files and the previous deployment was successful.


You can place custom scripts to be ran before and after compiling your Swift source code inside the following files in your repository:

  • bin/pre_compile
  • bin/post_compile

This is useful if you would need to install any other dependencies.

Using the latest source code

The vapor/vapor buildpack from the Heroku Buildpack Registry represents the latest stable version of the buildpack. If you'd like to use the source code from this Github repository, you can set your buildpack to the Github URL:

$ heroku buildpacks:set https://github.com/vapor-community/heroku-buildpack.git