by wjjung317

GitHub Readme.md

Cloud Foundry compatible Heroku buildpack for R

This is a Cloud Foundry compatible Heroku buildpack for R for applications which use R for statistical computing and CRAN for R packages.

Note that the R version of this buildpack is 3.2.1.

  • It is nearly identical to a previous version of the Heroku buildpack which is compatible with Shiny.
  • As of May 18, 2016, the latest version of the Heroku buildpack on the cedar-14 branch may not be fully compatable with Shiny, details here.

R is ‘GNU S’, a freely available language and environment for statistical computing and graphics which provides a wide variety of statistical and graphical techniques: linear and nonlinear modelling, statistical tests, time series analysis, classification, clustering, etc. Please consult the R project homepage for further information.

CRAN is a network of ftp and web servers around the world that store identical, up-to-date, versions of code and documentation for R.


The buildpack will detect your app makes use of R if it has the init.r file in the root. The R runtime is vendored into your slug, and includes the gcc compiler for fortran support.

Installing R packages

During the slug compilation process, the init.r R file is executed. Put code in this file to install any packages you may require. See the Installing-packages for details. The list of available packages can be found at http://cran.r-project.org.

# Example `init.r` file

install.packages("nlme", dependencies = TRUE)

R packages can also be included in your project source and installed when the init.r file is executed.

install.packages("optional-path-to-packages/local-r-package-file.tar.gz", repos=NULL, type="source")

R Binaries

The binaries used by the buildpack are hosted on AWS S3 at s3://heroku-buildpack-r.

See the heroku-buildpack-r-build repository for building the R binaries yourself.

R Versions

Optionally, the R version and buildpack version can be configured by providing a .r-version and .r-buildpack-version file in the root directory. These files should contain 1 line of text containing the respective version. See alternate-versions for an example.

The following versions are available:

Cedar 10

R Version Buildpack Version Binary 2.15.1 20131211-0028 R-2.15.1-binaries-20131211-0028.tar.gz 3.0.2 20140218-0019 R-3.0.2-binaries-20140218-0019.tar.gz 3.1.0 20141127-0021 R-3.1.0-binaries-20141127-0021.tar.gz 3.1.2 20150301-1046 R-3.1.2-binaries-20150301-1046.tar.gz

NB: Remember to use the http://github.com/virtualstaticvoid/heroku-buildpack-r.git#cedar branch for the buildpack URL.

Cedar 14

R Version Buildpack Version Binary 3.1.0 20150303-1543 R-3.1.0-binaries-20150303-1543.tar.gz 3.1.2 20150428-2302 R-3.1.2-binaries-20150428-2302.tar.gz 3.1.3 20150718-2347 R-3.1.3-binaries-20150718-2347.tar.gz 3.2.0 20150719-0018 R-3.2.0-binaries-20150719-0018.tar.gz 3.2.1 20151119-2338 R-3.2.1-binaries-20151119-2338.tar.gz 3.2.2 20151120-0000 R-3.2.2-binaries-20151120-0000.tar.gz 3.2.3 20151214-2343 R-3.2.2-binaries-20151214-2343.tar.gz 3.2.4 20160322-0811 R-3.2.2-binaries-20160322-0811.tar.gz

NB: Remember to use the http://github.com/virtualstaticvoid/heroku-buildpack-r.git#cedar-14 branch for the buildpack URL.


Due to the size of the R runtime, the slug size on Heroku, without any additional packages or program code, is approximately 90Mb. If additional R packages are installed by the init.r script then the slug size will increase.


Original inspiration from Noah Lorang's Rook on Heroku project.


MIT License. Copyright (c) 2013 Chris Stefano. See MIT_LICENSE for details.