This proof of concept is intended to demostrate the use of nginx (with ngx_http_access_module & ngx_http_realip_module) to whitelist the IP and allow acces to trusted IP ranges (Whitelisting trusted IP ranges is the native feature of Heroku Private Space but there is no such a feature in Heroku Common Runtime).
If you are using
Deploy to Heroku button you can skip the Heroku prerequisite steps.
heroku create -a <APP_NAME>)
heroku buildpacks:add --index=1 https://github.com/heroku/heroku-buildpack-nginx.git -a <APP_NAME>)
heroku buildpacks:add https://github.com/heroku/heroku-buildpack-nodejs.git -a <APP_NAME>)
+--------+ / +-------------+ / +-----------------+ | | +-------> | | +-------> | | | USER | | NGINX | | EXPRESS | | | <-------+ | | <-------+ | | +--------+ +-------------+ +-----------------+ localhost:2500
Node.js express server will run on Heroku dyno on port
2500 (Common Runtime look for a free port between
PORT environment variable so It's good to use static port outside of this range), nginx will use Heroku
PORT environment variable, Request will hit the nginx first and if source IPs is within range of trusted IPs it will pass the request to express server otherwise nginx will serve 403 error page.
Note: This POC tested with Node.js and express server only but the same POC can be used with other languages and frameworks as well.
Add Trusted IP ranges in config/trusted-ips.conf file. (Supports IPv4 and IPv6).
If you want to customize nginx 403 error page you can check this article.
This POC designed based on knowledge and expertise we holds, we are not responsible for any security loopholes, you should consult your security team before using this POC in the production.