shaas

by heroku

GitHub Readme.md

shaas

Shell as a Service

Overview

API to inspect and execute scripts in a server's environment via HTTP and WebSockets.

This is obviously a really bad idea on a server that you care about, but this is a convenience for testing purposes only. This offers no protection whatsoever for the server. This makes the server's entire file system accessible to clients. Please use with great caution.

Running

Because this application gives clients full access to the server, it is highly recommended to run it inside of some kind of containerized environment, such as Heroku or Docker. Even in a containerized environment, you may wish to set a username and password, for use via HTTP basic authentication, by setting BASIC_AUTH=user:password in the environment before starting.

Heroku

Deploy

Docker

Running with Docker Compose:

$ docker-compose up -d
$ curl http://localhost:5000/

Usage

Summary of endpoint behavior for all path, method, and protocol combinations:

POST GET PUT/APPEND WebSocket File runs path in context of its directory downloads path uploads body to path interactively runs path in context of its directory Directory runs body in context of path lists files in path n/a runs interactive shell in context of path

Executing Commands

To execute a command in the context of a given directory on the server, simply POST the command with the directory as the URL path. For example, running pwd in the directory /usr/bin returns the path in the response:

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/usr/bin -i -X POST -d 'pwd'
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Tue, 21 Apr 2015 17:22:07 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Transfer-Encoding: chunked

/usr/bin

This is the most versatile endpoint. The functionality of all the other endpoints could be achieved with a POST to a directory path, but are offered as a convenience.

Executing Scripts

To execute a script on the server, simply POST the script path as the URL path and any input to the script in the body. For example, to find the factors of the number 24:

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/usr/bin/factor -i -X POST -d '24'
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: Cowboy
Connection: keep-alive
Date: Fri, 15 May 2015 16:40:08 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Via: 1.1 vegur

24: 2 2 2 3

Because /usr/bin is on the PATH, this could also be run with just the command in the body:

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/ -i -X POST -d 'factor 24'
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: Cowboy
Connection: keep-alive
Date: Fri, 15 May 2015 16:45:43 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Via: 1.1 vegur

24: 2 2 2 3

CGI Environment Variables

All commands and scripts are automatically run with CGI environment variables for access to HTTP headers, query parameters, and other metadata:

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/ -X POST -d 'env | sort'
CONTENT_LENGTH=10
CONTENT_TYPE=application/x-www-form-urlencoded
GATEWAY_INTERFACE=CGI/1.1
HTTP_ACCEPT=*/*
HTTP_CONNECTION=close
HTTP_CONNECT_TIME=5
HTTP_CONTENT_LENGTH=10
HTTP_CONTENT_TYPE=application/x-www-form-urlencoded
HTTP_HOST=shaas.example.com
HTTP_TOTAL_ROUTE_TIME=0
HTTP_USER_AGENT=curl/7.37.1
HTTP_VIA=1.1 vegur
HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR=73.170.209.186
HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PORT=80
HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO=http
HTTP_X_REQUEST_ID=9003884b-310a-4095-8ff1-0894494aff75
HTTP_X_REQUEST_START=1429846020992
PATH_INFO=/
PWD=/
QUERY_STRING=
REMOTE_ADDR=10.216.205.205:30916
REMOTE_HOST=10.216.205.205:30916
REQUEST_METHOD=POST
REQUEST_URI=/
SCRIPT_FILENAME=/
SCRIPT_NAME=/
SERVER_NAME=shaas.example.com
SERVER_PORT=23389
SERVER_PROTOCOL=HTTP/1.1
SERVER_SOFTWARE=go
SHLVL=1
_=/usr/bin/env

Interactive Sessions

By accessing the endpoints above via WebSockets, the commands are run interactively. If the path is a directory, an interactive bash session is started in that directory. If the path is a script, it is run in an interactive session. For example, using the wssh client:

$ wssh ws://shaas.example.com/
/ $ echo 'hello'
echo 'hello'
hello

Listing a Directory

Directories are listed in JSON format for easy parsing:

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/usr -i -X GET
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: Cowboy
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Type: application/json
Date: Fri, 15 May 2015 16:52:29 GMT
Content-Length: 996
Via: 1.1 vegur

{
  "bin": {
    "size": 36864,
    "type": "d",
    "permission": 493,
    "updated_at": "2015-03-20T09:28:58.547556085Z"
  },
  "games": {
    "size": 4096,
    "type": "d",
    "permission": 493,
    "updated_at": "2014-04-10T22:12:14Z"
  }
}

If viewing the directory in a browser (or any client with a html in the Accept header), the listing will be returned in HTML:

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/usr -i -X GET -H 'Accept: text/html'
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type: text/html
Date: Tue, 21 Apr 2015 17:46:58 GMT
Content-Length: 185

<ul>
    <li><a href='bin'>/bin</a></li>
    <li><a href='games'>/games</a></li>
</ul>

To list a directory in plain text, use POST with the ls command and options of your choice:

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/usr -i -X POST -d 'ls -lA'
  HTTP/1.1 200 OK
  Server: Cowboy
  Connection: keep-alive
  Date: Fri, 15 May 2015 16:54:28 GMT
  Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
  Transfer-Encoding: chunked
  Via: 1.1 vegur
  
  total 72
  drwxr-xr-x   2 root root 36864 Mar 20 09:28 bin
  drwxr-xr-x   2 root root  4096 Apr 10  2014 games

Downloading a File

Files are returned in their native format:

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/var/logs/server.log -i -X GET
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Tue, 21 Apr 2015 17:31:45 GMT
Content-Type: plain/text

...

Uploading a File

PUT creates or replaces a file with the request body:

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/var/logs/server.log -i -X PUT --data-binary 'hello 1'
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Tue, 28 Mar 2017 09:13:05 GMT
Content-Length: 0
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/var/logs/server.log -i -X PUT --data-binary 'hello 2'
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Tue, 28 Mar 2017 09:13:05 GMT
Content-Length: 0
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8

$ curl localhost:5000/var/logs/server.log -i
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Length: 7
Date: Tue, 28 Mar 2017 09:13:38 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8

hello 2

APPEND creates or appends a file with the request body:

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/var/logs/server.log -i -X APPEND --data-binary 'hello 1'
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Tue, 28 Mar 2017 09:13:05 GMT
Content-Length: 0
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/var/logs/server.log -i -X APPEND --data-binary 'hello 2'
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Tue, 28 Mar 2017 09:13:05 GMT
Content-Length: 0
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8

$ curl localhost:5000/var/logs/server.log -i
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Length: 14
Date: Tue, 28 Mar 2017 11:56:43 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8

hello-1hello-2

Overriding HTTP Methods

Because not all clients support all HTTP methods, particularly PUT and the custom APPEND method, the method can alternatively be overridden with the _method query parameter alongd with the POST method. For example, the following are equivalent:

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/var/logs/server.log -i -X APPEND --data-binary 'hello 1'

$ curl http://shaas.example.com/var/logs/server.log?_method=APPEND -i -X POST --data-binary 'hello 1'

Testing

Due to the nature of this application and the access it has to the host machine, testing is done functionality within a Docker container. To run tests, be sure Docker is running, Docker Compose is installed, and run:

$ go test -v ./... -ftest