by heroku

GitHub Readme.md

Heroku Buildpack for Node.js


This is the official Heroku buildpack for Node.js apps.



For more information about using this Node.js buildpack on Heroku, see these Dev Center articles:

For more general information about buildpacks on Heroku:

Using the Heroku Node.js buildpack

It's suggested that you use the latest version of the release buildpack. You can set it using the heroku-cli.

heroku buildpacks:set heroku/nodejs

Your builds will always used the latest published release of the buildpack.

If you need to use the git url, you can use the latest tag to make sure you always have the latest release. The main branch will always have the latest buildpack updates, but it does not correspond with a numbered release.

heroku buildpacks:set https://github.com/heroku/heroku-buildpack-nodejs#latest -a my-app

Locking to a buildpack version

Even though it's suggested to use the latest release, you may want to lock dependencies - including buildpacks - to a specific version.

First, find the version you want from the list of buildpack versions. Then, specify that version with buildpacks:set:

heroku buildpacks:set https://github.com/heroku/heroku-buildpack-nodejs#v176 -a my-app

Chain Node with multiple buildpacks

This buildpack automatically exports node, npm, and any node_modules binaries into the $PATH for easy use in subsequent buildpacks.


Having trouble? Dig it? Feature request?



For local development, you may need the following tools:

Deploying an app with a fork or branch

To make changes to this buildpack, fork it on GitHub. Push up changes to your fork, then create a new Heroku app to test it, or configure an existing app to use your buildpack:

# Create a new Heroku app that uses your buildpack
heroku create --buildpack <your-github-url>

# Configure an existing Heroku app to use your buildpack
heroku buildpacks:set <your-github-url>

# You can also use a git branch!
heroku buildpacks:set <your-github-url>#your-branch

Downloading Plugins

In order to download the latest plugins that have been released, run the following:

plugin/download.sh v$VERSION

Make sure the version is in the format v#, ie. v7.


The buildpack tests use Docker to simulate Heroku's stacks.

To run the test suite:

make test

Or to just test a specific stack:

make heroku-20-build
make heroku-22-build

The tests are run via the vendored shunit2 test framework.


To display the logged build outputs to assist with debugging, use the "echo" and "cat" commands. For example:

test() {
  local log_file var

  echo "this is the log file" > "$log_file"
  echo "test log file" >> "$log_file"

  # use `echo` and `cat` for printing variables and reading files respectively
  echo $var
  cat $log_file

  # some cases when debugging is necessary
  assertEquals "$var" "testtest"
  assertFileContains "test log file" "$log_file"

Running the test above would produce:

this is the log file
test log file

The test output writes to $STD_OUT, so you can use cat $STD_OUT to read output.